The Analysis of Occupational Health and Safety of The Ship's Crew on Board in The Enclosed Spaces

  • Nurwahidah Politeknik Ilmu Pelayaran Makassar
Keywords: OHS, SOP, Enclosed Spaces


The research on enclosed spaces is used to identify the work accidents, availability of the Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) equipment as well as the suitability of SOPs used by the Officer to handle the occupational accidents on board.The methodology used to identify the occupational accident in enclosed spaces were quantitative analysis based on some primary data (primary analysis) and secondary data (secondary analysis), by which the author performed the direct observations, interviewed the respondents who experience the accidents and did the literature study.The results confirmed that the enclosed spaces is not used for the activities or daily work by the ship's crew since the rooms have no ventilation, thus the air inhaled is less than 21% by volume and the concentration of hydrocarbon gas is less than 1% of the LFL (Limite Flamble Lower) than the levels of other toxic gases. Based on the interview results of 175 respondents, 93% said the accident was caused by the negligence of the supervision or personal responsibility, 21% said that it was caused by the absence of carbon gas test since there were no tools for detecting the toxic gas (gas detector) and 78% claimed that they
understand that the occupational accidents happened in enclosed spaces due to the negligence and procedural error (SOP). Therefore, it can be said that the limitations of knowledge and understanding of the crew, granting permits (work permit) by Officers which was not appropriate, the availability of supporting equipment and the inadequate involvement of shipping companies, the SOP that are not well socialized and the improper handling of accident victims were the causes of the work accidents on board.